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Related Insight

Quarterly Perspectives 3Q20

Third Quarter Highlights

  • Economic indicators continued to strengthen, although the pace of improvement slowed in September.
  • Credit spreads also improved; however much of the tightening came in July, as spreads drifted wider from mid-August through the end of September.
  • The Federal Reserve (Fed) remained decidedly dovish, highlighted by an updated policy framework and a new series of economic projections, both of which portend extraordinarily accommodative
    policy for the foreseeable future.
  • Fed actions have led to an increase in inflation expectations as well as a steeper yield curve.
  • Volatility measures remain in check, with interest rate volatility at record lows. The markets are bracing for the US presidential election as a source of potential instability.
  • Gridlock in Washington has made additional fiscal support elusive despite general agreement that it remains necessary for a sustained recovery.

Somebody Get Me a Doctor!

Paying tribute to the late Eddie Van Halen, we have to look no further than his namesake’s band’s song titles for an apropos description of the quarter. While Everybody Wants Some additional fiscal stimulus and the Fed has implored Congress to Finish What Ya Started, the hypercharged political environment combined with the upcoming presidential election has left negotiations D.O.A. (dead on arrival) for the time being. We remain optimistic that when Push Comes to Shove, it will not be a question of whether there is additional stimulus but rather the scale of any new round of support. The Eruption in corporate supply during 2020 was supported by conditions that issuers viewed as the Best of Both Worlds: strong demand technicals that led to tighter spreads, as well as record-low all-in yields. However, this has led to greater market risks as the concentration in BBB-rated bonds has increased and maturity profiles have been extended. We are left wondering Where Have All the Good Times Gone as economic growth moderates, valuations become stretched, and a more pronounced second wave of COVID-19 cases begin to spread both domestically and globally. With concerns for additional volatility over the coming months, we are positioning client portfolios more defensively to Jump on opportunities that might develop.

Third Quarter Sector Review

A sense of normalcy returned to financial markets in the third quarter after an extraordinarily active and volatile first half of the year. The economy continued to benefit from the effects of tremendous fiscal and monetary support initiated in the spring, while constructive developments on COVID-19 treatments and vaccines supported risk appetites. Fixed income markets reacted favorably, with the Bloomberg Barclays Aggregate Index producing a positive total return of 0.62% for the quarter. Once again, the returns were largely generated by spread compression across most sectors, as excess returns totaled 0.46%. US Credit generated 1.36% in excess return during the period, as the option-adjusted spread (OAS) of the Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Credit index tightened by 14 basis points (bps). Lower-quality markets rallied as well, with the Bloomberg Barclays US Corporate High Yield Index generating an excess return of 4.37%. Excess returns on high-quality structured products were mixed in the quarter, as the Asset-Backed sector continued to be positive, while Agency Mortgage-backed securities were slightly negative for the quarter.

As of 09/30/2020. Source: Bloomberg Barclays
See Important Disclosures at the end of this document for additional information.

Certainty in an Uncertain World: The Fed Guides Lower for Longer

At the September Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, the Fed elaborated on its new approach by providing additional details about its prerequisites for any increase in the fed funds rate. By committing to an outcome-based approach, we believe the Fed is indicating the current zero interest rate policy will be maintained for the foreseeable future. Consistent with this expectation, the FOMC’s new Summary of Economic Projections does not indicate any rate hikes through the end of 2023. Markets have generally been pricing in this expectation for some time, but as the Fed more concretely committed to this approach, inflation expectations responded by moving higher.

As of 9/30/2020. Source: Bloomberg L.P., PNC Capital Advisors
The Fed’s balance sheet policies remain unchanged, as expectations are for continued purchases of $80 billion in US Treasuries (UST) and $40 billion in MBS per month, consistent with the pace of recent months. The Fed did expand upon its reasoning for continued purchases by adding the goal to “help foster accommodative financial conditions,” which is above and beyond its previous objectives of “aiding in market functioning and supporting the flow of credit.”
In an additional sign of the Fed’s proactive approach to tackling the COVID-induced economic malaise, Chair Jerome Powell has not been shy about imploring the White House and Congress to provide additional fiscal support to sustain the economic recovery. It appears from Chair Powell’s perspective that another round of fiscal aid directed at households, businesses, and local governments is crucial to ensure the economy is on a firm path to recovery. While we believe additional fiscal stimulus is likely, the timing and scope of the measures are difficult to predict given the highly charged political environment.
As of 09/30/20. Source: Bloomberg L.P., PNC Capital Advisors

Pumping the Brakes as the Return-Risk Tradeoff is Foggy

Few would have predicted an economic and market recovery like we’ve seen over the past six months given the unique set of challenges the world has – and continues – to face. Fueled by unprecedented stimulus, positive economic surprises abounded during the summer months. However, the pace of improvement has clearly slowed in recent weeks, raising concerns about the future absent an unlikely COVID-19 panacea. The recovery in the labor market in particular looks poised to decelerate from its torrid pace, as the unemployment rate has fallen to 7.9% from a peak of 14.7% just five months earlier. While we expect to see continued job gains, recent layoff announcements and a growing sense of temporary layoffs becoming permanent in the most affected industries lead us to believe that substantial slack in the labor market may be a persistent issue.
And while additional monetary and fiscal aid should keep the economy moving in the right direction, new uncertainties and risks are on the near-term horizon. Political risks have been on the market’s radar for some time, and as a contentious election season comes to a close, the likelihood for volatility remains elevated. Similarly, growing COVID-19 infection rates across a large swath of the country (as well as globally) raises the risks of renewed shutdowns should the spread go uncontained, in our view. The timing, distribution, and efficacy of vaccines and/or effective therapies will clearly have a profound impact on this trajectory. However, it appears to us that the market has priced in a healthy dose of optimism; a disappointment would likely have an adverse impact on its health.
As we incorporate all of these factors into our investment process, we’re increasingly mindful about the limited upside of adding incremental risk into portfolios at this time given what we view as full valuations across sectors. Record corporate new issuance has been offset by both strong investor demand as well as a wave of existing debt redemptions, as issuers seek to term-out their maturity profiles. We believe these dynamics, coupled with a Fed that’s waiting at-the-ready to increase the pace of its corporate debt purchases (if deemed necessary), have led to valuations that exceed the economic reality.
A similar story exists in structured product markets, with the ABS sector seeing option-adjusted spreads return to late-2019 levels despite a challenging employment backdrop. The ABS supply landscape is different than corporate credit, as new ABS issuance is well off its 2019 pace. In particular, new issues of securities backed by credit card receivables have been nearly nonexistent. This technical backdrop has been supportive for consumer ABS, as the demand for short-dated AAA-rated assets has created highly sought after incremental yield over UST’s. Notably, ABS is one of the few spread sectors with a positive excess return on a year-to-date basis.
Agency-backed MBS valuations continue to be largely influenced by both challenged fundamentals and sustained Fed support. Mortgage refinancing activity remains high given the low interest rate environment, which has kept prepayment speeds elevated, serving as a headwind to the sector. However, the Fed has committed to maintaining its sizeable presence in the market and has now bought more than $1 trillion of Agency-backed MBS since March, while continuing new purchases at a healthy $40 billion per month. While we believe these conflicting forces generally offset one another, current valuations are full, which we believe warrants a neutral stance on MBS in aggregate client strategies. We believe pivoting client portfolios to a more neutral risk allocation versus their respective benchmarks is appropriate. Our defensive overweights in spread sectors are intended to enhance yields in a challenging interest rate environment without adding unnecessary levels of risk. This approach has served clients well in similar periods where reaching for incremental yield – while tempting – can often prove unwise in the long run.

Important Disclosures

This publication is for informational purposes only. Information contained herein is believed to be accurate, but has not been verified and cannot be guaranteed. Opinions represented are not intended as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sale of any security and are subject to change without notice. Statements in this material should not be considered investment advice or a forecast or guarantee of future results. To the extent specific securities are referenced herein, they have been selected on an objective basis to illustrate the views expressed in the commentary. Such references do not include all material information about such securities, including risks, and are not intended to be recommendations to take any action with respect to such securities. The securities identified do not represent all of the securities purchased, sold or recommended and it should not be assumed that any listed securities were or will prove to be profitable. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

PNC Capital Advisors, LLC claims compliance with the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®). A list of composite descriptions for PNC Capital Advisors, LLC and/or a presentation that complies with the GIPS® standards are available upon request.

PNC Capital Advisors, LLC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of PNC Bank N.A. and an indirect subsidiary of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. PNC Capital Advisors’ strategies and the investment risks and advisory fees associated with each strategy can be found within Part 2A of the firm’s Form ADV, which is available at

© The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. All rights reserved.



  • Corporate credit generated the largest average excess return, but exhibited greater volatility and higher overall interest rate risk (as measured by effective duration).
  • Agency MBS had an average spread comparable to that of corporate credit with considerably lower return volatility and interest-rate risk.
  • Consumer ABS offered the lowest overall interest rate risk, as well as the lowest volatility of return.

Next we examine each of these sectors in more detail.


We focused our analysis of the corporate credit sector on investment-grade securities, defined as BBB-rated and above. The profile of the corporate credit index can be deconstructed into two primary factors that describe risk and return: default risk and spread duration risk. We define default risk across three quality buckets: AAA-AA, A, and BBB. These ratings represent the average rating assigned between the primary credit rating agencies. Similar to modified duration, which measures a bond’s price sensitivity to changes in yields, spread duration measures price sensitivity to changes in credit spread. We believe it is a good proxy for duration risk of excessreturn, as opposed to duration risk of totalreturn (modified duration).

The table below shows excess return, volatility, and MIRs over various credit quality and bond maturity segments.


  • BBB-quality categories have had the highest average excess returns. Additionally, the A-quality segments have outperformed the AAA-AA tier in all maturity groups less than 10 years.
  • Longer-maturity segments have not necessarily driven larger average annual excess returns. In fact, across credit quality groupings, the 5- to 7-year maturity category has generated the highest excess returns.
  • The 10-plus-year maturity group had the lowest mean returns across the maturity landscape. Lower realized excess returns can be partially explained by demand from asset-liability managers and insurers with long-term liability targets. Demand from this investor base has compressed spreads in longer-dated securities and flattened credit curves. In addition, longer spread duration amplified the price impact from changes in risk premiums, which led to a greater proportion of time periods exhibiting negative excess returns than other maturity segments.



  • Within all credit quality segments, longer maturities resulted in substantive increases in return volatility; larger spread durations at longer maturities amplified volatility.
  • Lower credit quality was also associated with increased return volatility across maturity categories. The table Spread Between Minimum and Maximum OASillustrates the wide variation of risk premiums among these segments over the past 22 years, as measured by option-adjusted spread (OAS).

Modified Information Ratio (MIR)

  • While shorter-maturity groupings have generated the most attractive risk-return profiles (the highest MIRs), the magnitude of average annual excess return in these segments is generally limited.
  • Lower-quality and longer-maturity credit have the potential to provide opportunities to maximize excess return.


Between 1997 and 2019, AAA-rated ABS and agency MBS sectors exhibited significantly less volatility of excess return than nearly all credit sectors, resulting in compelling MIRs. Additionally, there was a low correlation of excess return between structured products and the corporate credit sector over the 22-year period, due in part to the high-quality and shorter-duration profile of structured products relative to the overall credit index.

We believe structured products provide an important source of diversification and can improve the risk-return characteristics of an overall portfolio. The diversification benefit provided by incorporating structured products in an asset-allocation strategy can be illustrated by comparing two portfolios, one consisting solely of government and credit sectors (Bloomberg Barclays Government Credit Index) and the other that includes structured products (Bloomberg Barclays Aggregate Index).

As shown in the following table, adding structured securities to a government-credit portfolio over the period 1997 to 2019 would have produced an enhanced average annual excess return, a reduction in return volatility, and a higher MIR.

When constructing a portfolio, there are additional aspects of the MBS and ABS sectors to consider.


  • Interest-rate volatility has the largest impact on relative performance of MBS. The inherent prepayment-convexity risk of these securities affects the timing of cash flows from monthly amortization of principal and interest.
  • The MBS and corporate credit sectors are driven by different economic and market dynamics: interest-rate volatility (MBS) versus business fundamentals and corporate default cycles (corporate credit).



  • While the ABS market has very little exposure to prepayment volatility, and relative performance is not interest-rate driven, the sector has shown a low correlation with credit overall due to limited exposure to the corporate business cycle.
  • Additionally, ABS securities benefit from structural enhancements that boost credit quality. These include cash reserves, overcollateralization and/or subordination, which can mitigate the loss potential for investors at the top of the capital structure.
  • Structured securities can play an important role in optimizing the risk-return profile of a fixed-income portfolio.
  • The enhanced income and relatively low volatility historically offered by AAA-rated consumer receivables make the sector an important component in the construction of a risk-focused portfolio.
  • We believe the credit card and prime auto segments of the ABS market are high-quality, liquid asset classes with an attractive risk-return profile.


We believe opportunistic sector allocation, coupled with an investment process focused on risk management and identifying relative value opportunities should result in consistent risk-adjusted returns over a full market cycle.

Over the last several years, we’ve experienced a wide variety of interest rate and risk regimes. We’ve adhered to the tenets of our risk-based philosophy throughout and used these opportunities to evaluate the findings of our historical analysis in practice.

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