Phil, the director of quantitative research with the Municipal Fixed Income team, is responsible for interest rate risk assessment, valuation analysis, performance attribution, and quantitative risk model development and implementation supporting the team's investment strategies. Prior to joining the team in 2015, he served as a principal of investment risk with Vanguard's Fixed Income Group, where he was responsible for municipal performance attribution, custom benchmark development, modelling and measuring the risks of municipal portfolios, and managing the quantitative and front office operations group. Previously, he held positions with Fail-Safe Solutions, Piasecki Aircraft, and Navmar. Phil earned a Bachelor of Science degree in marketing and management from Kutztown University, as well as a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Widener University. In addition, he holds a Master of Science degree in environmental engineering from Villanova University.